## Wednesday, 10 December 2014

### Holiday Homeschool - Roman Numbers Game

I created a hands-on math game for the girls this week.

I took three pennies (I), a five pence piece (V), three ten pence pieces (X), one fifty pence (L) and three pound coins (C) and stuck a sticker on each with the corresponding Roman numeral (you only need one five pence and one fifty pence because you never have more than one V or L consecutively.
You have three of the others as you don't need more than three consecutive I's, X's or C's when writing Roman numbers)

After a quick recap of the rules.

1. C can only be subtracted from D or M
2. Only I, X, C and M can be subtracted - V, L and D cannot
3. I can only be subtracted from V or X
4. X can only be subtracted from L or C

I called out various numbers for the girls to 'create' - here Lilly is creating 37.

They finished by writing up the rules, drawing around the coins and making posters. All except for Rose who decided to stick the actual coins down.

cheat sheet
1=I
2=II
3=III
4=IV
5=V
6=VI
7=VII
8=VIII
9=IX
10=X
20=XX
30=XXX
40=XL
50=L
60=LX
70=LXX
80=LXXX
90=XC
100=C
500=D
1000=M

## Monday, 8 December 2014

### My Christmas Dilema

We went to a wreath building workshop last Friday where they showed the kids how to make wreaths and bows.

I now have four wreaths and one front door, so as a compromise I have decorated our gates early for Christmas - both inside and out - but still have no wreath for my front door : )

## Saturday, 29 November 2014

### Atoms and the Periodic Table

We've been doing a bit of chemistry recently and the girls have had great fun making models of atoms,

creating posters

and, thanks to the Basher - Elements with Style  book we were reading, have spent loads of time designing their own 'elemental superheroes'

## Friday, 28 November 2014

### Hope you all had a great Thanksgiving

I asked the girls yesterday what they were most thankful for. Their replies were not quiet what I had expected.

Lilly - For my scriptures and that singing makes me happy.
Sunflower - I'm most thankful for my family and that my home is warm.
Tulip - For family and sweets.
Rose - that He put me on earth and for Spiderman.

I'm thankful that I've been given the strength and energy to keep on homeschooling through the last year and that the majority of days are ok :)

### WW2 Evacuation Activity

Our Home Ed group arranged an activity at Bankfield Museum where the children had to pretend to be evacuees.

In their first session they met their billeting officer and she checked the children (Sunflower's finger nails were too long but everyone else passed inspection), discussed what an evacuee's suitcase needed to contain,

explored toys from the 1940s

and assigned them to their billets - she had a problem with the girls as all four wanted to stay together and most people didn't have room for them, eventually they agreed to share a bed and she was able to send them to the Reverends home where they would receive a uniform and be expected to do housework - Rose was most annoyed and when she wrote her postcard home, she was not happy that she had to be a maid. She also discussed rationing with them and showed a weeks worth of food.

The second half of the session was spent with an Air Raid warden, he discussed how to use our gas masks, what to do in an air raid and how to prepare for a blackout - including the correct headlight covers for your car or bike.

The kids also got to handle the various gas masks and bits of shrapnel.

There were four activity stations: building a Morrison Shelter,

dressing up as a Home Guard,

learning to be a nurse

and manning the Fire Brigade where they learnt how to work a stirrup pump and forming a human bucket chain.

## Wednesday, 12 November 2014

### Cannons and Catapults

We've wrapped up our Renaissance study by completing a Da Vinci lapbook and building a couple of weapons.

We had a kit for a Da Vinci catapult which the girls put together.

I was very impressed by the range (by adjusting the tension it shot over 4 meters) but my favourite aspect was the secret math activity - changing the shape of your projectile (flat, round, spear etc), calculating the average distance over 5 shots, graphing the results then trying to discover why the shape effected the distance.

We had so much fun with the catapult that we decided to make a cannon as well. After discussing gunpowder and realising that it wasn't something we could use, we settled on an alternative - vinegar and bicarb.

We built the cannon out of an old bottle, a cork, cardboard wheels and a drinking straw base (after our first attempt backfired - the cannon literally flew backwards - the girls added some blue tack wedges under the wheels). This is a front loading cannon, so after loading the cannon with vinegar we would drop a shot of bicarb in (the 'shot' was a tablespoon of bicarb wrapped in a single ply piece of tissue), screw on the lid stuffed with the cork, aim and wait.

This really showed the skill needed to properly aim a cannon - we only hit our target twice :)

## Tuesday, 11 November 2014

### IXL - TOS Review

IXL are an international company with online practise sites designed to provide a comprehensive review programme for math / language arts topics specific to each countries educational criteria - the girls have all been reviewing the UK IXL Math site (reception to yr 13) and Lilly and Sunflower have used the US IXL Language Arts site (2nd to 8th grade)

Setting up is easy and simple - we first chose an avatar for each child as well as creating individual passwords for them. Once logged in they had access to the whole range of age work but they generally just used the age appropriate sections. Lilly did find some of the language arts easy so was able to select a higher grade which pushed her a bit more and conversely when she struggled with a math topic we were able to go back a year to practise.

Each year/grade has a list of skills broken down into categories. When you click on a category, the child is faced with a questions to work on until they have correctly scored 100 points and they complete that section (the first few questions score 10 points each, the next few 5 and the challenge zone 1 point each) each time you enter an incorrect answer it knocks 5 points off your score so the less mistakes the child makes, the quicker they move through that section. When a wrong answer is given it gives you an explanation of why the answer is wrong and you have to click the 'got it' button to move on.
The younger ages (reception, year 1 and year 2) all have a speaker icon next to the question so that younger readers or non readers can still use the programme. We found the app to be really useful for Rose as the touch screen was much simpler for her than the mouse.

The girls were able to complete some sections in 15 mins but others, where the concepts were tougher for them, took much longer

There are virtual awards (stickers and medals) that the children win after completing a certain number of questions correctly or spending a set amount of time on the programme. They also emailed what my girls called 'congratulations emails' which were really work updates - 'Lilly has mastered x topic', or 'Rose has completed X questions'.

There is a parents page where you can set passwords, view progress reports, see how long a child has spent working, topics covered, correct scores and more. They sent a quick email report weekly to update me. You can even select reports to print.
My older girls found IXL easy to manoeuvre, and because of this they worked fairly independently. They used this to review and practise topics we had already covered and as such, have used it several times a week.
Tulip and Rose probably enjoyed this the most - they had great fun comparing their virtual stickers and even got into a competition to see who could earn the most stickers. It is defiantly a hit with Rose who wants to 'play math' daily.

I found IXL to be a great reinforcer - they do live up to their motto 'Practice that feels like play'. The topics covered are extensive and I really liked the depth of the detailed explanations when they got the answers wrong. It also had the unexpected benefit of spotting gaps in their knowledge, so for us has worked as a great remedial tool as well.

IXL has apps available for Ipad, Android and Kindle that work seamlessly with your online account.

IXL is available for \$9.95 a month or \$79 a year for one student for one subject (\$129 for two subjects). Each additional child is \$2 per month or \$20 a year. You can view further pricing options at www.ixl.com/membership/family/pricing.

you can see what my crew mates thought over at the TOS Blog